Sie sind hier:  BAP > BAP - Home

Bavarian Graduate Panel (BAP)

A project of Bavaria for its higher education institutions and students

Bavaria is the first of the 16 federal states of Germany (Länder) to carry out regular surveys among the graduates of its universities and universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) about their labour market entry and
further professional development, study conditions and the acquisition of competences. The Bavarian Graduate Panel (BAP) analyses differences, trends und developments to inform students, institutions and policies.

Benefits of the BAP at a glance

Regional and close to higher education institutions

In each wave, a complete cohort of graduates of Bavarian higher education institutions is surveyed. Most of the larger fields are included. The data is therefore representative for Bavaria as well as for each institution. Results can be compared to nationally representative data, e.g. the graduate surveys of the Hochschul-Informations-System (HIS) GmbH Hannover.

    Participating higher education institutions (in German)  >> more

    Subjects and degrees covered  (in German) >> more

Scientific and independent

The BAP is run by the Bavarian State Institute for Higher Education Research and Planning (IHF). An academic board ensures that data collection and analyses follow highest scientific standards and are free from political influence or economic pressure.

Effective and precise

Results are made available to the public as soon as possible upon data collection. Medium and form of presentation are targeted at the information needs of various interested groups in higher education and delivered directly to them via presentations, reports and brochures. Detailed causal or longitudinal analyses are carried out upon demand in cooperation with higher education institutions and other interested parties.

Sustainable and long-term

To follow trends and developments, graduates are surveyed for the first time about one and a half year upon graduation, and a second time after about five years. In regular intervals, new graduates are surveyed for a first, and later for a second and third time. The close attachment of the project to the Bavarian State Ministry of Sciences, Research and the Arts (Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst, StMWFK) allows for continuous and cumulative research over many years.


Central questions of the first survey (about 1.5 years upon graduation):

Central questions of the second survey (about 4.5 years upon graduation):

In addition, selected topics are explored in depth in individual analyses: 

Why a regional graduate panel? 

In recent years, reforms in higher education have increased the autonomy of higher education institutions to manage their own affairs. In turn, they are expected to assume more responsibility for adequately preparing their graduates for professional life. Also, one of the criteria used in programme accreditation is that higher education institutions have to demonstrate that they think about the labour-market relevance of studies. When tuition fees are introduced, students too increasingly demand an education that will be useful on the labour market. However, little data is available at regional or institutional level that can shed light on the transition to work and what a Land or higher education institution can do to facilitate it. Since the establishment of the BAP in 2005, three other Länder have set up similar far-reaching projects.

Organisational structure of the BAP

A scientific board of advisors supports the BAP team with strategic, thematic and methodological advice. It consists of six experts from the field of survey research on education and work:


Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Blossfeld (University of Bamberg)


Prof. Dr. Andrea Abele-Brehm (University of Nürnberg)
Dr. Wolfgang Bandilla (Zentrum für Umfragen und Methoden, Mannheim)
Prof. Dr. Marita Jacob (University of Mannheim)
Karl-Heinz Minks (HIS-GmbH Hannover)
Prof. Dr. Andrä Wolter (TU Dresden)
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Zimmermann (University of Applied Sciences München)

In the BAP Working Group, the project leaders of the BAP work together with planners and administrators from participating higher education institutions. A delegate of each participating higher education institution assumes responsibility for the administration of the survey in his or her institution (providing addresses, mailing questionnaires etc.) and gives advice in matters of practical organisation.

How the BAP is carried out

The BAP is a standardised questionnaire that comes in a paper-and-pencil and in an online-version. Invitations, questionnaires and reminder postcards are sent to graduates by the participating institutions. In the case of undeliverable letters, the whereabouts of the graduate are investigated and the letter is sent out again. For the second survey, participants give their consent to have their address stored at the IHF. To maintain contact, they receive mail in regular intervals, informing them about results.

Data security